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Port of Los Angeles Electric Trucks

All-Electric Drayage Truck (Balqon)

Electric Truck PrototypeBuilt as a demonstration project co-funded by the Port of Los Angeles and South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD), and designed specifically for short-haul or “drayage” operations, this unique electric tractor designed and produced exclusively for the Port by Balqon Corp. was the result of nearly a year of development and testing.  The heavy-duty electric short-haul drayage truck -- the first of its kind at any port worldwide -- can pull a 60,000-pound cargo container at a top speed of 40 mph, and has a range between 30 to 60 miles per battery charge.  The battery charger can charge up to four electric trucks simultaneously in four hours and can also provide up to 60 percent of the charge in one hour to meet peak demands during daily operations. 

Electric Truck PrototypeIn February 2009, the Port of Los Angeles took delivery of the first of 25 heavy-duty, all-electric trucks it ordered from Balqon Corp. following the successful testing of a prototype truck the Port and SCAQMD funded to build in 2007.  Included in the provisions of its electric truck order, the Port required Balqon Corp. to locate its factory in the City of Los Angeles and pay the Port a royalty for every electric truck it sells or leases worldwide.  Those funds will be used to advance other Port Technology Advancement Program initiatives.  The new Balqon manufacturing plant supports nearly 50 “green collar” jobs.  

Balqon Truck Links:

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Hybrid-Electric Truck (Vision)

Electric Truck PrototypeExpanding its commitment to bringing cutting-edge, zero-emission solutions to port operations, the Port of Los Angeles is entering into negotiations with Los Angeles-based Vision Industries for the purchase and evaluation of Vision’s hydrogen fuel cell hybrid-electric trucks.  The heavy-duty big-rigs will be tested to evaluate their suitability for short and medium distance cargo-hauling (or “drayage”) operations, and other similar applications.

Vision Industries has been marketing its Class 8 zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell hybrid-electric truck for more than a year and will now work with the Port of Los Angeles to further evaluate its performance in the rigorous port trucking environment. The Vision trucks are powered by a combination of a hydrogen fuel cell and lithium batteries and have a potential range of up to 400 miles.

Electric Truck PrototypeThe Vision Industries trucks will be put through a series of on-road and laboratory tests to demonstrate its usefulness in a variety of drayage duty cycles, including different loads, road conditions and travel distances.  Local drayage trucking companies are expected to assist with the demonstration over the next 12 to 18 months, and the University of California at Riverside’s College of Engineering Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CE-CERT) laboratories will help guide the data collection and analysis. 

CE-CERT’s partnership with the Port of Los Angeles on this project is expected to help demonstrate the utility of zero emission vehicles in a variety of medium and heavy-duty vehicle applications that extend beyond the port setting. The Port of Los Angeles will be submitting a proposal for funding from the California Energy Commission to help support this project.  The California Energy Commission has established an Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program to develop and deploy advanced transportation technologies to help attain the state’s climate change policies. 

Vision Truck Links:

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